Title: Migfilin and its binding partners: from cell biology to human diseases
Summary: Links between the plasma membrane and the actin cytoskeleton are essential for maintaining tissue integrity and for controlling cell morphology and behavior. Studies over the past several decades have identified dozens of components of such junctions. One of the most recently identified is migfilin, a widely expressed protein consisting of an N-terminal filamin-binding domain, a central proline-rich domain and three C-terminal LIM domains. Migfilin is recruited to cell-matrix contacts in response to adhesion and colocalizes with beta-catenin at cell-cell junctions in epithelial and endothelial cells. Migfilin also travels from the cytoplasm into the nucleus, a process that is regulated by RNA splicing and calcium signaling. Through interactions with multiple binding partners, including Mig-2, filamin and VASP, migfilin links the cell adhesion structures to the actin cytoskeleton. It regulates actin remodeling, cell morphology and motility. In nuclei, migfilin interacts with the cardiac transcriptional factor CSX/NKX2-5 and promotes cardiomyocyte differentiation. It probably functions as a key regulator both at cell adhesion sites and nuclei, coordinating multiple cellular processes, and is implicated in the pathogenesis of several human diseases.